Clinical examination

Knee osteoarthritis

Knee osteoarthritis

A distinction must be made between patellofemoral osteoarthritis (35% of cases) and femorotibial osteoarthritis. In patellofemoral osteoarthritis, pain is located in the back of the knee and radiates downwards. It is readily triggered when going up stairs ...

Osteoarthritis - Clinical examination

Clinical examination

Hip osteoarthritis

Hip osteoarthritis

Pain is the most common reason for consultation. Generally located in the groin, it may radiate to the front of the thigh or anteromedial thigh. External pain with regard to the greater trochanter, and posterior pain radiating to the back of the thigh are ...

Osteoarthritis - Clinical examination

Clinical examination

Osteoarthritis of the hands

Rhizarthrosis (trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis) results in spontaneous mechanical pain at the base of the thumb, at the anatomical snuff-box and outer part of the wrist, with a kind of burning or shooting pain accompanied by ...

Osteoarthritis - Clinical examination

Recommendation sheets

Eular recommendations

Eular recommendations

Recommendations common to all osteoarthritic joints : - One must combine non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments. - Treatment should consider the type of arthritis, the presence of inflammation, structural changes, pain, ...

Osteoarthritis - All recommendations

Recommendation sheets

Oarsi recommendations

Oarsi recommendations

Specific recommendations for knee and hip osteoarthritis : - Treatment is based on a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. - Patient education and an exercise programme are recommended. Self-management is vital.

Osteoarthritis - All recommendations

Patient education

Patient education

Patient education

This requires collaboration between physicians, surgeons, physiotherapists and nutritionists. One must insist on combating vicious attitudes, going easy on joints, reducing weight and maintaining muscle tone. To improve adherence to the treatment, the physician must explain the expected ...

Osteoarthritis - Non-pharmacological treatments